“Thyroid” is a type of hormone that is made by the thyroid gland, a butterfly-shaped gland located in front of the trachea and below the Adam’s apple. It is approximately 15 to 30 grams and moving up and down by swallowing.
Thyroid hormone acts to stimulate the metabolic activity in the body and affect the performance of the various systems of the body, mind and emotional state of the autonomic nervous system, including high growth and intellectual development in children.
If thyroid hormone is too much work, our body will burn energy very quickly , resulting in a patient with unusual symptoms, fatigue, palpitations, rapid pulse, hungry, eat more but weight loss fast. We should be aware that due to malfunctioning of thyroid gland disorders. For the main cause of this disease is caused by the body’s immune system to stimulate the thyroid gland to do more functionality, also known as Grave’s Disease.
The other causes may be the result of inflammation of the thyroid gland. Or we receive too more thyroid hormone from other sources, such as thyroid hormone medication or food that is a component of thyroid hormones, thyroid tumors or a type of poison (Toxic nodular goiter) and so on.
Currently we found in 1-3 percent of people suffer from thyroid toxicity , and is found in female greater than male.
For treatment is generally done in three ways.
- Medication to reduce thyroid hormone. Patients often have to take medication continuously for about 24 to 36 months – This method is suitable for younger patients and patients with this disease soon. The thyroid gland is not much larger or even patients with contraindications to surgery.
- Eating radioactive iodine mineral water – this method is suitable for elderly patients or patients with chronic diseases such as heart disease or illness for a long time. Patients with recurrence after treatment completion as scheduled. Patients who are allergic to thyroid drugs and violence.
- Surgery – for patients with thyroid gland’s size is too big and it presses the push side of organs from the thyroid gland, difficulty swallowing, difficulty breathing or the patient may have suspected thyroid cancer associated with Including patients with thyroid eye condition of patients with severe poisoning (Severe Grave’s Ophthalmopathy).
For patients with thyroid disease, thyroid toxicity symptoms are only temporary. So no need to get hormone therapy. Symptomatic treatment will include medication to reduce symptoms of palpitations and vibrate hands with the pain medication only if pain thyroid.
There is also another type of malfunction of the thyroid gland which found to have symptoms of thyroid disease is in contrast to poison it. That is” Thyroid function is too low,” a condition in which the thyroid hormone to be less than normal. Resulted in fewer body metabolism disorders. Result in weight gain , fatigue, slow to feel sleepy, inactive, not active forgetful menstruation disorders, joint pain, muscle pain, hoarseness, dry skin, face, eyes, or hands, swelling, depression, pulse is slow, if it is very likely a heart attack, pulmonary edema, and the pericardium in the children development will slow, short and low intelligence.
Common causes of body substances to inhibit the function of the thyroid to make thyroid less work. Other causes were found is iodine deficiency, chronic inflammation of the thyroid gland, thyroid surgery, receiving thyroid medication too much including swallowing radioactive iodine minerals and congenital deficiency of thyroid hormones. Most women with this disease greater than men up to 4 times.
For a thyroid disorder that malfunctions, patients should not smoke because smoking can cause more severe symptoms such as bulging eyes, the eyes should abstain from drinking alcohol and energy drinks or caffeine. It may cause cardiac arrhythmias and more. Patients should abstain from strenuous exercise during the first treatment.
Toxic thyroid disease is a disease that can be cured
Patients need a doctor to follow up regularly and continuously. Do not stop your medication or adjust the dosage. This may cause side effects of medication and make treatment more difficult.
It is important to monitor thyroid hormone levels in the blood for at least one year because there may be a chance of recurrence. The occurrence of low thyroid hormone, patients who plan to become pregnant should consult her doctor to choose the appropriate treatment method because of some kind of thyroid hormone drugs such as Methimazole.
In the first pregnancy, some methods, such as eating or keeping the mineral iodine radiation may cause the deformation of the fetus. Thyroid hormone drugs may have side effects including rash, jaundice, abdominal pain, nausea, and vomiting or low white blood cells. So if you have symptoms such as fever or sore throat should consult a doctor immediately.
However, we should pay attention to health care, healthy body. Always observe your body regularly. If you find yourself having the same symptoms, such as fatigue, palpitations, weight loss, eat it. Do not be complacent. You require the doctor to detect early. It may be a sign that reminds us that the thyroid is not working normally.